The previous chief government of the carmaker Volkswagen has been charged in Germany over his involvement within the firm’s diesel emissions scandal.
The general public prosecutor in Braunschweig charged Martin Winterkorn and 4 different managers with fraud.
VW mentioned it might not touch upon the indictments.
Mr Winterkorn is already dealing with legal fees within the US, however is unlikely to face trial, as Germany doesn’t extradite its residents.
The 71-year-old resigned quickly after the scandal erupted in September 2015.
In a press release, prosecutors accused Mr Winterkorn of a “notably critical” fraud, in addition to a breach of competitors legal guidelines.
They mentioned Mr Winterkorn ought to have alerted automotive house owners and authorities in Europe and the US concerning the manipulation of diesel emissions exams sooner.
Additionally they accused him of approving a “ineffective” software program replace designed to hide the true purpose for the automobiles’ greater emission ranges.
If discovered responsible, the previous government may face a jail sentence of as much as 10 years.
Prosecutors didn’t identify the opposite 4 senior managers charged.
VW first admitted in September 2015 that it had used unlawful software program to cheat US emissions exams.
The units, which allowed autos to carry out higher in check situations than they did on the highway, had been put in on virtually 600,000 autos bought within the US from 2009 although 2015 and thousands and thousands extra globally.
They got here to mild after a examine of emissions by researchers at West Virginia College within the US.
The scandal sparked investigations in Germany and different nations.
So far, it has value Volkswagen roughly €28bn, ($31bn; £24bn).
Final month, the US Securities and Trade Fee (SEC) sued Volkswagen and Mr Winterkorn, accusing the carmaker of “large fraud” over the emissions scandal.
The SEC claims the agency misled traders by issuing billions of value of bonds and securities, with out disclosing that it had cheated emissions exams.
The corporate mentioned it might contest the SEC lawsuit vigorously.